Permaculture is a system of  agricultural and social design principles centred on simulating or directly utilising the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems. Permaculture was developed, and the term coined by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in 1978.

Mollison has said: “Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single product system.